Safety & Preparedness
WHAT IS AN ARMED INTRUDER/ACTIVE SHOOTER?
A person who appears to be actively engaged in killing or injuring people in a populated area — typically employing the use of firearms or other weapons and/or improvised explosive devices (IED). There may be no pattern or method to their selection of victims.
These situations are dynamic and evolve rapidly, demanding immediate deployment of law enforcement resources to control the situation.
WHAT DO I DO IN AN ARMED INTRUDER/ACTIVE SHOOTER SITUATION
If a safe path is available, run. Always try and escape or evacuate even if others insist on staying. Encourage others to leave with you but don’t let the indecision of others slow down your own effort to escape. Once you are out of the line of fire, try to prevent others from walking into the danger zone and call 9-1-1
If you can’t get out safely, find a place to hide. When hiding, turn out lights, remember to lock doors and silence your ringer and vibration mode on your cell phone
As a last resort, working together or alone, act with aggression, use improvised weapons to disarm the shooter. Commit to taking the shooter down.
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM RESPONDING POLICE OFFICERS?
Police officers responding to an armed intruder/active shooter are trained to proceed immediately to the area in which shots were last heard; their purpose is to stop the shooting as quickly as possible.
They may be dressed in regular patrol uniforms, or they may be wearing special tactical uniforms and equipment. The officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, or handguns, and might be using pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation.
Remain calm, do as the officers tell you, and do not be afraid of them. Put down any bags or packages you may be carrying and keep your hands visible at all times; if you know where the shooter is, tell the officers.
The first officers to arrive will not stop to aid injured people; rescue teams composed of other officers and emergency medical personnel will follow the first officers into secured areas to treat and remove injured persons.
Keep in mind that even once you have escaped to a safer location, the entire area is still a crime scene; police will usually not let anyone leave until the situation is fully under control and all witnesses have been identified and questioned. Until you are released, remain at whatever assembly point authorities designate.
The videos and resources below are made available to assist you in the preparation and response to an Armed Intruder/Active Shooter Incident.
- Armed Intruder, Active Shooter FAQ
- Run, Hide, Fight-Surviving an Active Shooter Incident (Video, 6 minutes)
- How to Respond to an Active Shooter Booklet (.pdf)
- How to Respond Pocket Guide (.pdf)
- FEMA Active Shooter On-Line Course (Video, 45 minutes)
- Homeland Security Campus Safety Resources (.pdf)
Do you know the signs to help prevent gun violence? Watch this video from the Sandy Hook Promise Organization.